2 - 3 July 2020
The Local Group in Context: Galaxies in the Local Volume as a Testbed of Cosmology
Aims and scope
Dwarf galaxies have traditionally been discovered and studied in the Local Group (LG), as satellites of the Milky Way and the Andromeda Galaxy. On this scale, detailed studies of their internal dynamics, chemistry, star formation histories, orbits, scaling relations, and overall distribution are possible. Comparisons of these observations to simulations based on the ΛCDM model of cosmology have identified a number of small-scale challenges. Since their identification, substantial theoretical progress has been made in addressing these challenges, including improved modeling of baryonic effects in hydrodynamical simulations, as well as a flurry of other proposed solutions within and outside of the ΛCDM paradigm. While these have improved the match with observations, they are often implicitly tailored to the LG due to the preponderance of data from our immediate neighborhood.
Multiple surveys (e.g. Saga, PISCeS, Dragonfly, DGSAT) are now actively studying galaxy systems beyond the LG. These ongoing efforts, as well as upcoming advances in observational capabilities (e.g. ELTs, LSST, JWST, Euclid), let us extend comparisons with model expectations to galaxies and galaxy groups in the larger-scale Local Volume (LV). This provides an opportunity to determine by how much the LG is dominated by peculiarities, and to investigate which small-scale challenges are also present on this larger scale, thereby expanding the scope of near-field cosmology. Proposed solutions and alternatives to ΛCDM (e.g. warm and self-interacting dark matter, or more exotic ideas) can now also be tested by comparing them to the observed galaxies and satellite systems in the LV. Finally, this allows to see the LG in context of the overall structure of the nearby cosmic web and the flow of galaxies.
This symposium will bring together observers and theorists working on the LG with those studying the larger-scale LV. Topics to be discussed include:
- The LG and its dynamical history in context: What do we know, what are the main challenges?
- Observational surveys: What have we learned thus far about galaxies, their satellite systems, and groups of isolated dwarf galaxies in the LV?
- The status of small-scale problems in the LV: Do satellite galaxy luminosity functions match expectations or are there satellites missing beyond the LG? Is there a too-big-to-fail problem in the field? Can we study planes of satellite galaxies around distant hosts?
- Addressing the small-scale challenges: Which proposed solutions can be tested in the LV? Which alternatives to ΛCDM are viable, and can the LV help us to differentiate between them?
- The nearby cosmic web: Does is affect the small-scale problems? What can we learn from constrained cosmological simulations?
- The future: What are the prospects of studying the LV with ELTs, and of measuring proper motions in the LG and beyond? What theoretical developments are needed for fair comparisons between simulations and the LV?
- Giuseppina Battaglia (Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias)
- Pierre-Alain Duc (Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg)
- Mike Boylan-Kolchin (The University of Texas at Austin)
- Azi Fattahi (ICC, Durham University)
- Noam Libeskind (Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam)
- Marina Rejkuba (ESO)
Marcel S. Pawlowski (chair, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, Germany)
Alyson Brooks (Rutgers University, USA)
Arianna Di Cintio (Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Spain)
Eva K. Grebel (Heidelberg University, Germany)
Oliver Müller (Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, France)
Justin Read (University of Surrey, UK)
mpawlowski @ aip.de
Updated on Tue Feb 18 09:53:40 CET 2020