EAS Job Directory
|Doctoral student in Applied Physics at Malmö University, Sweden||Closing date: 2021-08-16
Contact: Henrik Hartman
|We offer a PhD position within Applied Physics, including Astrophysics, within three projects at Malmö university, Sweden.
Project A is a project to better understand fundamental physical phenomena emanating from the interplay between the nucleus and the electrons in the atom.
Project B is a joint astronomy and atomic physics project that will use high resolution infrared stellar spectra to characterize exoplanet host stars.
Project C concerns high-accuracy atomic radiative data for astrophysical applications such as stellar, planetary and kilonova spectroscopy with focus on the near-IR.
|::: About Malmö University
Malmö University is an innovative, urban and international institute of higher education, located in the centre of Malmö. We have around 1,800 employees and 24,000 students. Our research and education are characterised by the role we believe a university should play in an open society ? to contribute to sustainability and equality in a scientifically grounded way with external partners and stakeholders. Identifying and addressing the challenges of the future are of highest priority. Our researchers and students work collaboratively to create, share and spread knowledge in order to understand, explain and develop society ? both locally and globally.
The Faculty of Technology and Society, TS, conducts education and research with a focus on technology and natural sciences, in close collaboration with industry and other social actors and higher education institutions. The two departments at the faculty are: Computer Science and Media Technology and Materials Science and Applied Mathematics.
The Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics unite interdisciplinary education and research in three main areas: engineering, natural science and mathematics. Three engineering programs at bachelor level are offered: Building Engineering, Mechanical and Materials Engineering and Product Development and Design. In addition, the Science and Technology Foundation Year program is offered. A master-level program, Computational Materials Science, is offered since the autumn of 2019. The Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics offers an active and international environment. Recently, a PhD program in Applied Physics has been introduced.
Research at the department is conducted in three groups: materials science, applied physics and mathematics, and construction science. The research topics for the current PhD studentship in applied physics is described below.
::: Work duties
Those appointed to doctoral studentships shall primarily devote themselves to their studies. Those appointed to doctoral studentships may, work to a limited extent with educational tasks, research, artistic research and administration. However, duties of this kind may not comprise more than 20 per cent of a full-time post (Chapter 5, Section 2 of the Higher Education Ordinance).
We offer three PhD projects within the natural science group (note that only one PhD student will be hired). Specify which of the three projects you are interested in when writing your application.
Project A is an atomic and nuclear physics project. The overarching purpose of the project is to develop and exploit software and computational methods to better understand fundamental physical phenomena emanating from the interplay between the nucleus and the electrons in the atom. More precisely, the purpose is to explore the limits of understanding of a) nuclear properties in exotic nuclei and b) the Auger process with applications in radiation therapy by means of large-scale atomic structure calculations. To facilitate this endeavor, we will investigate the opportunity to make use of state-of-the-art nuclear structure calculations as well as experimental work at the synchrotron radiation facility MAX IV. In the project we also open-up for development of computational methods applicable to high-lying atomic states with applications to plasma diagnostics. Further questions about this project can be posed to jorgen.ekman @ mau.se, per.jonsson @ mau.se and rickard.du.rietz @ mau.se
Project B is a joint astronomy and atomic physics project that will use high resolution infrared stellar spectra to characterize exoplanet host stars with the aim at better understanding the process of formation of different types of planets. This will include determining the type of star (the so-called stellar parameters, effective temperature, surface gravity and metallicity), and the abundances of elements in the star. Since the abundances of elements in the star are expected to be the same as those in the protoplanetary disk that any planets formed from, these abundances can reveal the chemistry of the planets and hence help advance our understanding of planetary formation. To be able to address such science questions, a very high precision and accuracy is needed in the stellar spectroscopic analysis, which is why the project will include identifying and determining atomic data of importance to this analysis. Stellar spectra will be collected using international telescopes and atomic data will be determined using both national and international laboratories as well as atomic structure calculations. Further questions about this project can be posed to henrik.jonsson @ mau.se, henrik.hartman @ mau.se, and/or hampus.nilsson @ mau.se
Project C concerns high-accuracy atomic radiative data for astrophysical applications such as stellar, planetary and kilonova spectroscopy with focus on the near-infrared region. Laboratory high-resolution spectroscopy experiments and large-scale quantum mechanical calculations are utilized to derive accurate sets of atomic data needed for astrophysical spectroscopy. Local laboratories as well as international facilities are used, depending on the study. Method development is part of the project. Atomic data of interest are radiative lifetimes, transition rates and hyperfine structure. The applications are sought in state-of-the-art astronomical observations and surveys, to find the impact cases. Depending on the interest of the candidate the focus can be on experiments or calculations, and contribute in the application to astrophysics. Further questions about this project can be posed to henrik.hartman @ mau.se, hampus.nilsson @ mau.se, and/or per.jonsson @ mau.se
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